Look in the mirror's Experience Other Countries

To give a more concrete picture of the dynamics that we experienced a small business, it seems we need to compare them with conditions in other countries so that we can make the lesson. Interesting example is the experience of small business in the United States. Moreover, the development of small businesses in the U.S. provides a description of success stories.

Results of research conducted by the National Federation of Independent Business found 10 of the main problems faced by small business in the U.S.. Most of these problems related to the costs that must be issued by the small business. Among them the cost of health insurance for workers is the main problem of the most prominent. So also with the social security tax for employees is a fairly heavy burden for a small U.S.

As with small entrepreneurs in Indonesia, a small business in the U.S. also consider the wages of workers as a problem that was ranked third. U.S. government policy that the welfare of workers, seems to be a burden which is considered as a problem in the development business. Even the political pressure felt by small employers to a minimum wage worker is a condition that can not be compromised. Another problem also faced by small employers is the U.S. tax that must be issued to the state. U.S. Government seems to apply strictly the rules so that small entrepreneurs can not berkelit.

Of all the problems faced by small entrepreneurs in the U.S. is the most cost burden that must be removed due to government regulations. Government regulations, both federal governments (central) and the state also felt a lot of harm small businessmen.

However, the development of small businesses in the U.S. was very imposing. According to the study conducted by Harvard Business School, a small business to grow about 15 percent each year with the financing or capital that largely come from internal sources. With this rapid growth, about two-thirds of labor force absorbed by the new small scale industry.

When the dynamics of the U.S. economy is highly dependent on large companies. Industrially oriented growth is able to create employment that is big enough. However, the form of economic disaster recession and oil crisis in the 1970s caused many large companies are reducing the field work. Fortune 500, one of the big companies that previously provided many employment opportunities through a wide variety of businesses, in the period 1974 to 1984 has lost 4 to 6 million job opportunities. So also other institutions such as universities, hospitals, government institutions and the many employment opportunities.

However, in the same period would appear companies in the new amount is fantastik. The Economist magazine notes about 600,000 new companies appear in the U.S. each year. This amount is increased approximately seven-time compared to the period 1950-1960. The amount of new job opportunities are created even reach 40 million. Number of employees who have worked in the period was increased from 71 million to 106 million people. Most rapid growth occurred between 1975 to 1985 where employment increased by 24 million available. Interestingly, the growth of employment opportunities or this is not provided by large companies but by small and medium industru.

According to Peter F Drucker, this phenomenon is a phenomenon that is quite a fundamental change in the U.S. economy. These changes occur due to a shift in managerial economics from the economy to be entrepreneurial. This is based on the fact that many new companies appear exactly small and medium scale. While many large companies would lose their field work. Entrepreneurial phenomenon is occurring not because of the influence of technology. In fact, many of the new company that emerged was based on non-technology.

The emergence of the phenomenon of entrepreneurship is very fantastik in the U.S. is, according to Drucker, related to the cultural and psychological changes in the youth. Young people in the U.S. is different from the typical traditional hedonis, hunters status, and conformist. They are willing to work hard for years and choose the big risk rather than working with large companies in secure or so civil servants.

Entrepreneurial mentality in the U.S. is strong enough this seem related to the culture that they respect the independence and achievement. In addition, the success of SMEs in the U.S. also supported by the open and breadth of their access to various resources that are required, particularly in the form of capital Ventura. Good to start and develop businesses.

So also the experience in Japan to build industrialisasinya highly supported by the small business that is quite robust. Even the role of small and shows a very meaningful contribution. (*)